How to Start Pig Farming in Nigeria: Key Rules, Business Plan, Cost, Profit, and Management


Pig farming, otherwise known as piggery, is one of the most profitable ventures in the Agricultural sector. This guide focuses on how you can start pig farming in Nigeria. It highlights the key rules, business plan, cost, profit, and management aspects of this thriving industry. If you are looking for a business opportunity that offers a significant return on investment and does not require much technical know-how, then pig farming in Nigeria might be an excellent choice for you.

Understanding Pig Farming

Pig farming entails the raising of pigs primarily for meat (pork). Pigs are also farmed for other products like leather and brushes made from their bristles. Pork is the most widely consumed meat in the world, and the demand for it in Nigeria is continually on the rise.

Pig farming in Nigeria has become more popular because pigs reproduce in large numbers and grow very fast. A sow (female pig) can give birth to piglets twice a year, and each time, she can produce more than ten piglets. Within six months, a piglet can grow to weigh up to 100kg under proper feeding and management. These factors mean you can start producing and selling within a relatively short period.

Key Rules for Pig Farming in Nigeria

  1. Understand the Business: Start by carrying out comprehensive research about pig farming. Understand what the pigs eat, their growth process, feeding pattern, pig diseases, and possible prevention measures.

  2. Environment: Pigs can adapt to different environmental conditions. However, you should consider setting up your farm in a flood-free area with good ventilation and easy access to clean water.

  3. Expert Guidance: Get professional advice or training on pig farming before you commence.

  4. Breed Selection: Start with a breed renowned for its meat quantity and quality.

  5. Hygiene: Maintain a clean pig pen to prevent an outbreak of diseases.

Business Plan for Pig Farming in Nigeria

A business plan serves as a guiding document for running your pig farming business. Here are key elements included in a pig farming business plan:

  1. Executive Summary: This should provide an overview of your pig farming business idea.

  2. Business Description: Describe the type of pig business you want to start, your targeted market, and unique selling point.

  3. Market Analysis: Identify your competition and market opportunities.

  4. Marketing Strategy: This should include your marketing plans, advertising strategies, and pricing strategy.

  5. Management and Organization: Provide information about the business structure and management team.

  6. Financial Projections: Give a detailed financial projection for your business.

Cost of Starting Pig Farming in Nigeria

Starting a pig farming business in Nigeria requires a substantial amount of capital. The cost is mainly for purchasing the piglets, constructing the piggery, feeding, and general management of the farm. Here is a breakdown of the estimated cost:

  1. Land: Depending on the area and the number of pigs, this could cost between NGN 400,000 to NGN 2,000,000.

  2. Construction of Pens: Expect to spend between NGN 100,000 and NGN 500,000.

  3. Purchase of Pigs: Purchasing piglets could set you back NGN 25,000 to NGN 50,000 each.

  4. Feeding: Providing quality food and supplements for a year can cost approximately NGN 180,000 per pig.

Profit Potential in Pig Farming in Nigeria

The profit in pig farming comes majorly from selling the pigs, which are mostly sold according to their weight. If a mature pig weighs approximately 100 kg and is sold at NGN 180 per kg, then one pig will sell for NGN 18,000.

Management of Pig Farming in Nigeria

  1. Breed Selection: Always choose a healthy and productive breed.

  2. Feeding: Provide your pigs with a balanced diet.

  3. Health Management: Vets should be consulted regularly to prevent diseases.

  4. Marketing and Distribution: Develop a robust marketing strategy to reach prospective buyers.


With the right knowledge, commitment, and effective management, pig farming in Nigeria promises substantial profits. This industry is indeed a lucrative agricultural business opportunity waiting to be tapped. Hopefully, this guide brings you a step closer to launching your pig farm in Nigeria. Good luck!