Navigating the Real Cost of Feeding a Family in Nigeria: Insights and Strategies for Budgeting and Nutrition


Nigeria, the largest economy in Africa, is currently home to approximately 200 million inhabitants with diverse cultural affiliations and societal norms. One common variable across these differing cultures is the essential need for nourishment and sustenance achieved through feeding. However, good budgeting in Nigeria is of prime importance, given the escalating prices of food staples, frequent market fluctuations, and the disparate distribution of income. This article intends to provide an inside look at the real cost of feeding a family in Nigeria, offering insights on how to save cost on feeding while ensuring nutrition needs are sufficiently met.

Understanding the Average Cost

Starting off, the first frontier in this exploration is to comprehend what constitutes an “average feeding cost” for a Nigerian family. A 2018 report from the Nigerian Bureau of Statistics estimated a family’s monthly food cost to be approximately 55.1% of total household expenditure. The report also recorded an annual inflation rate of 11.37% in food prices. Nonetheless, the cost of feeding a family significantly varies, depending on variables such as family size, location, dietary preferences, income level, and available market choices.

The Impact of Income Disparity

One of the pertinent factors influencing feeding cost in Nigeria is the prevalent income disparity. The United Nations Development Program recorded that 42.5% of the Nigerian population lives below the international poverty line. Meanwhile, a smaller percentage boasts of upper-middle-class status, according to the World Bank. This wide wealth gap reveals differing feeding costs, where the quality and quantity of food a family can afford are heavily influenced by their income bracket.

Feeding the Family in Urban versus Rural Areas

Furthermore, the feeding cost in Nigeria varies along rural-urban lines. Generally, living expenses in urban areas, including Abuja, Lagos, and Port Harcourt, far exceed the costs in rural regions. This disparity is due to higher operation costs, expensive transportation linked with the volatile fuel prices, and higher sales taxes levied in urban areas. As a result, urban-dwelling families may face increased feeding expenses compared to rural households. However, rural families often have the advantage of local produce and farming, which helps keep costs on the lower side.

Feeding in the Face of Inflation

The consistent inflation in Nigeria means that good budgeting involves continual review and readjustment. From a historical perspective, the cost of feeding a family has steadily increased due to inflation rates. This has been further complicated by the COVID-19 pandemic, with food inflation rising to 22.05% from January to December 2020. Consequently, families must creatively employ cost-saving measures to manage their food budgets.

Strategies to Save Cost on Feeding in Nigeria

  1. Buy in Bulk: This is the most widely adopted cost-saving strategy. Additionally, shopping at local markets rather than supermarkets allows families to obtain food items at lower prices.

  2. Homegrown Produce: Cultivating a home garden can greatly reduce expenditures on vegetables and fruits. Even a small kitchen garden can provide substantial cost savings.

  3. Community Shared Agriculture: This involves families pooling resources to purchase large quantities of food together, leading to cost savings.

  4. Meal Planning: Planning meals ahead of time minimizes waste and reduces impulsive buying behaviors.

  5. Store Brand There is often the misconception that store brands are lower quality. This isn’t always the case, and they are often less expensive than name brands.


Feeding a family in Nigeria, like in many other developing countries, is a significant challenge due to economic and structural constraints. The exact cost is contingent on many factors, ranging from family size and location to market conditions and income levels. Therefore, a practical application of good budgeting in Nigeria and the utilization of cost-saving strategies are essential to ensure a family’s nutritional needs are met without undue financial stress.

The government, in partnership with local communities, also has a pivotal role in implementing policies aimed at food security and accessibility. With a concerted effort, it is possible to lessen the financial burden of feeding a family in Nigeria, aligning with best practices in budgeting and ensuring a fulfilling, sustenance-driven life for all its citizens.